Crime2A high incidence of criminality not only deters tourists from visiting the premier city of the country but also restrains citizens from residing in the city.

Annual crime statistics reveal that crime volume increased from 4,053 in 1983 to 7,144 in 1995. However, statistics on crime against persons and properties does not reflect the real situation prevailing in our society. Because of the very low public approval of our police personnel, people tend not to report crimes committed against them.

In 1995, theft (1,132 or 33.31%) and robbery (1,054 or 31.02%) ranked as the top top criminal activity in the City; followed by the physical injury (791 or 23.28%) and murder (266 or 7.83%). As shown in table below, the least were homocide (91 or 2.68%) and rape (64 or 1.88%). Of the 7,144 total crime volume in 1995, 3,398 or 47.56% were index crime while 3,746 or 52.4% were non-index crime. The average monthly crime rate (for index &non-index crimes is 7.1 while the average by arrest (for index & non-index crime) is 6,353 and the crime solution efficiency rating (for index & non-index crime) is 88.93.

Peace and order concern is commonly addressed by equating the number of people in the area vis-a-vis strength of the police force in the City. The Philippine National Police-Western Police District (PNP-WPD) headquarter in the City is in United Nations Avenue. As of March 20, 1997, there are 3,421 personnel in the WPD, of which 244 (7.13%) are officers, 2,965 (86.68%) are Police Non-Commission Officer and 212 (6.19%) are non-uniform police. The 1997 ratio of police over Manila’s population (1:585) is close to meeting the normative standard of 1:500.

Police visibility is reflected in the 11 police stations and Police Kababayan Center in the City.

Although the City of Manila has a ratio of police personnel vis-a-vis the population which is very close to the standard set by the Philippine National Police, it seems that lawlessness is still on the rise. It is the public’s general perception that our police forces are incapable of ensuring public safety. Contributory factors to the rise in crime incidence are the problem on drug addiction and massive poverty.

Police services are augmented by national anti-crime bodies such as Presidential Anti-Crime Commission (PACC) and the barangay brigades which are commonly referred to as the barangay tanods in every barangay. Barangays have a peace and order committee that responds to peace and order concerns in their respective jurisdiction. Furthermore, lice stations and barangay outpost are visible in Manila.

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